Health Risks of Smoking and Ways to Quit
Treatment with drugs is also used to help people quit smoking. These include nicotine replacement products and non-nicotine medicines. People who use any type of drug treatment are more likely to quit smoking after 6 months than those who use a placebo or no drug treatment at all.
Nicotine replacement products have nicotine in them. You slowly reduce the use of the nicotine product in order to reduce the amount of nicotine you take in. Using a nicotine replacement product can help break the addiction to nicotine. It lessens the side effects of nicotine withdrawal, such as feeling depressed or nervous, having trouble thinking clearly, or having trouble sleeping. Nicotine replacement products that have been shown to help people quit smoking include:
- Nicotine gum.
- Nicotine patches.
- Nicotine nasal spray.
- Nicotine inhalers.
- Nicotine lozenges.
Nicotine replacement products can cause problems in some people, especially:
Other medicines that do not have nicotine in them are used to help people quit smoking. These include:
These medicines lessen nicotine craving and nicotine withdrawal symptoms.
It is important to know that bupropion and varenicline may cause serious psychiatric problems. Symptoms include:
Before starting to take bupropion or varenicline, talk to your doctor about the important health benefits of quitting smoking and the small but serious risk of problems with the use of these drugs.
Varenicline may also cause serious heart problems.
When smokers do not quit smoking completely but smoke fewer cigarettes (smoking reduction). they may still benefit. The more you smoke, the higher your risk of lung cancer and other cancers related to smoking. Studies show that smokers who cut back are more likely to stop smoking in the future.
Smoking less is not as helpful as quitting smoking altogether, and is harmful if you inhale more deeply or smoke more of each cigarette to try to control nicotine cravings. In smokers who do not plan to quit smoking completely, nicotine replacement products have been shown to help them cut down the number of cigarettes they smoke, but this effect does not appear to last over time .