Endometrial cancer is a disease that primarily affects postmenopausal women at an average age of 60 years at diagnosis. Risk factors include postmenopausal estrogen therapy, obesity, a high-fat diet, reproductive factors like nulliparity, early menarche and late menopause, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and tamoxifen use. Women with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome have a markedly increased risk of endometrial cancer compared with women in the general population.
Testing for endometrial cancer may show that you have
endometrial hyperplasia. This is not cancer but may
develop into cancer. One type of hyperplasia, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia,
progresses to cancer in about 1 out of 3 women.2
Tests to see if the cancer has spread
If cancer is found, surgery is done to find out how much the cancer has grown (stage and grade) and to treat it at the same time.
Before surgery, an imaging test may be done to see if cancer has spread to the abdomen and pelvis. This helps with
planning for treatment. Imaging tests may include a CT scan or an MRI.