Tests to find cancer
Other tests may include:
- A transvaginal pelvic ultrasound. This uses sound waves to create images of the uterus. The images can show how thick the endometrium is. A thick endometrium can be a sign of cancer in postmenopausal women. Ultrasound also can help show whether cancer has grown into the uterine muscle.
- A hysteroscopy. This allows your doctor to view the inside of the uterus and get an endometrial tissue sample.
- Dilation and curettage (D&C). This test is done to get a sample of tissue from the inside of the uterus. It may be done at the same time as a hysteroscopy.
Tests to see if the cancer has spread
If cancer is found, surgery is done to find out how much the cancer has grown (stage and grade) and to treat it at the same time.
Other tests done before surgery may include:
- A complete blood count (CBC) to check for anemia and other abnormal blood values.
- A cancer antigen (CA) 125 test. This test helps to identify cancer that has or may spread (metastasize).
- A chest X-ray to check for cancer cells that have spread (metastasized) from the uterus.
- Women are advised to report to their doctors any unexpected bleeding or spotting or unusual vaginal discharge.
- Women at risk for Lynch syndrome are advised to get checked every year starting at age 35. Having this risk also means a high risk of getting ovarian and/or uterine cancer.