Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Cervical Cancer Screening and Cervical Cancer Treatment are also available.
Avoidance of Human Papillomavirus Infection
Based on solid evidence, the following measures are effective to avoid human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and thus cervical cancer:
Abstinence from sexual activity
Magnitude of Effect: Abstinence prevents HPV infection.
Study Design: Evidence obtained from cohort and case-control studies.
Strive for a healthy body
weight. The body's fat cells make estrogen. For
more information on controlling your weight, see the topic
Breast-feed if you are
able. This decreases ovulation and estrogen activity.
Get treatment for abnormal or unexpected bleeding. (Endometrial hyperplasia, which may develop into endometrial cancer, is one cause of
abnormal bleeding.) Heavy menstrual periods, bleeding between periods, and
bleeding after menopause are symptoms of hyperplasia.
regularly. It may help control your weight and may reduce
Eat a diet that is low in animal fats and high in fruits and vegetables.
You have no risk for endometrial cancer if you have had
your uterus removed (hysterectomy).
If you take tamoxifen
Tamoxifen is a breast cancer treatment that lowers your risk for having breast cancer come back (recur). But taking tamoxifen can raise your risk of getting endometrial cancer.
If you are taking tamoxifen, keep taking it as directed by your doctor. But be sure to
have a pelvic exam each year. The risk of endometrial cancer from tamoxifen is less than the risk of getting breast cancer again.
are worried about endometrial cancer risk, talk with your doctor. You might be
able to use another medicine, instead of tamoxifen, to reduce your risk for recurrent breast
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this