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Cancer Health Center

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Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Jejunal and Ileal Carcinoids


General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.


  1. Modlin IM, Lye KD, Kidd M: A 5-decade analysis of 13,715 carcinoid tumors. Cancer 97 (4): 934-59, 2003.
  2. Akerström G, Hellman P: Surgery on neuroendocrine tumours. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 21 (1): 87-109, 2007.
  3. Makridis C, Rastad J, Oberg K, et al.: Progression of metastases and symptom improvement from laparotomy in midgut carcinoid tumors. World J Surg 20 (7): 900-6; discussion 907, 1996.
  4. Makridis C, Ekbom A, Bring J, et al.: Survival and daily physical activity in patients treated for advanced midgut carcinoid tumors. Surgery 122 (6): 1075-82, 1997.
  5. Hellman P, Lundström T, Ohrvall U, et al.: Effect of surgery on the outcome of midgut carcinoid disease with lymph node and liver metastases. World J Surg 26 (8): 991-7, 2002.
  6. Rinke A, Müller HH, Schade-Brittinger C, et al.: Placebo-controlled, double-blind, prospective, randomized study on the effect of octreotide LAR in the control of tumor growth in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine midgut tumors: a report from the PROMID Study Group. J Clin Oncol 27 (28): 4656-63, 2009.

This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: May 28, 2015
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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