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Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options for Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors

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Carcinoid Tumors in the Appendix

Treatment of GI carcinoid tumors in the appendix may include the following:

  • Surgery (resection) to remove the appendix.
  • Surgery (resection) to remove the right side of the colon including the appendix. Nearby lymph nodes are also removed.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with localized gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor and regional gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Carcinoid Tumors in the Colon

Treatment of GI carcinoid tumors in the colon may include the following:

  • Surgery (resection) to remove part of the colon and nearby lymph nodes, in order to remove as much of the cancer as possible.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with localized gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor and regional gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Carcinoid Tumors in the Rectum

Treatment of GI carcinoid tumors in the rectum may include the following:

  • Endoscopic surgery (resection) for tumors that are smaller than 1 centimeter.
  • Surgery (resection) for tumors that are larger than 2 centimeters or that have spread to the muscle layer of the rectal wall. This may be either:
    • surgery to remove part of the rectum; or
    • surgery to remove the anus, the rectum, and part of the colon through an incision made in the abdomen.

It is not clear what the best treatment is for tumors that are 1 to 2 centimeters. Treatment may include the following:

  • Endoscopic surgery (resection).
  • Surgery to remove part of the rectum.
  • Surgery to remove the anus, the rectum, and part of the colon through an incision made in the abdomen.
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