Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Cardiovascular System
Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. Talk to your child's doctor if your child has any of these problems.
Certain tests and procedures are used to detect (find) and diagnose health problems in the heart and blood vessels.
These and other tests and procedures may be used to detect or diagnose heart and blood vessel late effects:
- Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking the heart for signs of disease, such as abnormal heart beat or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
- Electrocardiogram (EKG): A recording of the heart's electrical activity to evaluate its rate and rhythm. A number of small pads (electrodes) are placed on the patient's chest, arms, and legs, and are connected by wires to the EKG machine. Heart activity is then recorded as a line graph on paper. Electrical activity that is faster or slower than normal may be a sign of heart disease or damage.
- Echocardiogram: A procedure in which high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) are bounced off the heart and nearby tissues or organs and make echoes. A moving picture is made of the heart and heart valves as blood is pumped through the heart.
- Ultrasound exam: A procedure in which high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) are bounced off internal tissues or organs such as the heart and make echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram. The picture can be printed to be looked at later.
- Lipid profile studies: A procedure in which a blood sample is checked to measure the amounts of triglycerides, cholesterol, and low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the blood.
Talk to your child's doctor about whether your child needs to have tests and procedures to check for signs of heart and blood vessel late effects. If tests are needed, find out how often they should be done.
Health habits that promote a healthy heart and blood vessels are important for survivors of childhood cancer.
Childhood cancer survivors with heart and blood vessel late effects should take care to protect their health, including: