Skip to content

Cancer Health Center

Font Size

Respiratory System

    Lung late effects are more likely to occur after treatment for certain childhood cancers.

    Treatment for these and other childhood cancers may cause lung late effects:

    Recommended Related to Cancer

    General Information About Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma

    Pheochromocytomas and extra-adrenal paragangliomas are rare tumors arising from neural crest tissue that develops into sympathetic and parasympathetic paraganglia throughout the body. The most recent World Health Organization classification utilizes the term pheochromocytoma exclusively for tumors arising from the adrenal medulla, and the term extra-adrenal paraganglioma for similar tumors that arise from other locations.[1] Incidence and Mortality The incidence of pheochromocytoma is 2...

    Read the General Information About Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma article > >

    Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation to the lungs increase the risk of lung late effects.

    The risk of health problems that affect the lungs increases after treatment with the following:

    The following types of treatment are most likely to cause late effects:

    • Chemotherapy drugs that are more likely to damage the lung.
    • Higher doses of radiation.
    • Radiation to a large part of the lung or the whole lung.
    • Radiation that is not given in small, divided daily doses.

    The risk of lung late effects may be increased in childhood cancer survivors who have a history of the following:

    Late effects that affect the lungs may cause certain health problems.

    Lung late effects include the following:

    • Radiation pneumonitis (inflamed lung caused by radiation therapy).
    • Pulmonary fibrosis (the build-up of scar tissue in the lung).
    • Lung disease.

    Possible signs of lung late effects include trouble breathing and cough.

    These symptoms may be caused by lung late effects:

    • Dyspnea (shortness of breath), especially when being active.
    • Wheezing when you breathe.
    • Fever.
    • Dry cough.
    • Congestion (a feeling of fullness in the lungs from extra mucus).
    • Feeling tired.
    • Weight loss for no known reason.

    Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. Talk to your child's doctor if your child has any of these problems.

    Lung late effects in childhood cancer survivors may occur slowly over time and or there may be no symptoms. Sometimes lung damage can be detected only by imaging or pulmonary function testing. Lung late effects may improve over time.


      Today on WebMD

      Colorectal cancer cells
      A common one in both men and women.
      Lung cancer xray
      See it in pictures, plus read the facts.
      sauteed cherry tomatoes
      Fight cancer one plate at a time.
      Ovarian cancer illustration
      Do you know the symptoms?
      Jennifer Goodman Linn self-portrait
      what is your cancer risk
      colorectal cancer treatment advances
      breast cancer overview slideshow
      prostate cancer overview
      lung cancer overview slideshow
      ovarian cancer overview slideshow
      Actor Michael Douglas