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Cancer Health Center

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Leukemia - Treatment Overview


Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is treated right away. The most common choices include:

For newly diagnosed people in the beginning stages of CML (chronic phase), a tyrosine kinase inhibitor may work for many years. If they don't have a relapse, they may never need to have a stem cell transplant. But if they have a relapse, they may need to have a stem cell transplant.

For people who are diagnosed with CML in the later stages (accelerated or blast crisis phase), treatment may involve having chemotherapy or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor before having a stem cell transplant. This can increase the chances of a successful transplant.

Additional information about leukemia is provided by the National Cancer Institute.

  • For Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, see
  • For Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia, see
  • For Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, see
  • For Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, see
  • For Hairy Cell Leukemia, see

Clinical trials

Clinical trials play a very important part in the treatment of leukemia. Clinical trials test the latest drugs and other new treatments. They have made it possible for many people who have leukemia to live longer. People who are in clinical trials get all the recommended treatments for their cancer and are closely watched.

Talk to your doctor about whether there is a clinical trial that might be good for you. For more information, see or

Leukemia in children

Treatments for children who have leukemia aren't the same as treatments for adults who have leukemia. After the leukemia has been treated, children may need to be monitored for treatment side effects that may appear months or years later.

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