Randomized, prospective trials have yet to demonstrate a benefit in either disease-free survival or overall survival for patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The use of isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) daily for 1 year to prevent development of second upper aerodigestive tract primaries is under clinical evaluation.
PC-SPES is a mixture of 8 herbs that was sold as a dietary supplement to keep the prostate healthy (see Question 1).
Some batches of PC-SPES were found to contain prescription medicines. It was taken off the market and is no longer being made (see Question 1).
Herbs in PC-SPES have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for many health problems, including prostate problems, for hundreds of years (see Question 2).
The herbs used in PC-SPES have been reported to help keep cancer cells...
These lesions, including those involving bone, nerves, and lymph nodes, generally require a combination of surgery and radiation therapy.
Standard treatment options:
Surgery using a variety of surgical approaches, the choice of which is dependent on the size and location of the lesion and the needs for reconstruction. Treatment of both sides of the neck is indicated for selected patients.
Radiation therapy using a variety of therapy techniques, including external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with or without brachytherapy, the choice of which is dictated by the size and location of the lesion.