Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Cancer Health Center

Font Size

Nausea and Vomiting (PDQ®): Supportive care - Patient Information [NCI] - Anticipatory Nausea and Vomiting

Anticipatory nausea and vomiting may occur after several treatment sessions.

Anticipatory nausea and vomiting occur in some patients after they have had several courses of treatment. This is caused by triggers, such as odors in the therapy room. For example, a person who begins chemotherapy and smells an alcohol swab at the same time may later have nausea and vomiting at the smell of alcohol alone. The more chemotherapy sessions a patient has, the more likely it is that anticipatory nausea and vomiting will develop. The following may make anticipatory nausea and vomiting more likely:

Recommended Related to Cancer

Ewing Sarcoma: Recurrent Tumors

Standard Treatment Options Recurrence of Ewing sarcoma is most common within 2 years of initial diagnosis (approximately 80%).[1,2] However, late relapses occurring more than 5 years from initial diagnosis are more common in Ewing sarcoma (13%; 95% confidence interval, 9.4–16.5) than in other pediatric solid tumors.[3] The overall prognosis for patients with recurrent Ewing sarcoma is poor; 5-year survival following recurrence is approximately 10% to 15%.[2,4,5]; [1][Level of evidence: 3iiA]...

Read the Ewing Sarcoma: Recurrent Tumors article > >

  • Being younger than 50 years.
  • Being female.
  • Having any of the following, after the last chemotherapy session:
    • Nausea and vomiting.
    • Feeling warm or hot.
    • Feeling weak.
    • Sweating.
    • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded.
  • A history of motion sickness.
  • Having a high level of anxiety.
  • Certain types of chemotherapy (some are more likely to cause nausea and vomiting).
  • Having morning sickness during pregnancy.

Treatment of anticipatory nausea and vomiting should begin early.

Treatment of anticipatory nausea and vomiting is more likely to work when symptoms are treated early. Although antinausea drugs do not seem to help, the following types of treatment may decrease symptoms:

  • Muscle relaxation with guided imagery.
  • Hypnosis.
  • Behavior changing methods.
  • Biofeedback.
  • Distraction (such as playing video games).

Psychologists and other mental health professional with special training in these treatments can often help patients with anticipatory nausea and vomiting.

1

WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: February 25, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
Next Article:

Today on WebMD

Building a Support System
Blog
cancer fighting foods
SLIDESHOW
 
precancerous lesions slideshow
SLIDESHOW
quit smoking tips
SLIDESHOW
 
Jennifer Goodman Linn self-portrait
Blog
what is your cancer risk
HEALTH CHECK
 
colorectal cancer treatment advances
Video
breast cancer overview slideshow
SLIDESHOW
 
prostate cancer overview
SLIDESHOW
lung cancer overview slideshow
SLIDESHOW
 
ovarian cancer overview slideshow
SLIDESHOW
Actor Michael Douglas
Article