Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Recurrent or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Clinical trials are appropriate and should be considered when possible. In small studies, response rates of more than 40% have been reported for lenalidomide [2,3,4] and flavopiridol.[5,6][Level of evidence: 3iiiDiv] The addition of the Bcl-2 anti-sense oligonucleotide oblimersen to fludarabine/cyclophosphamide improved complete response rates in a randomized study of 241 patients with relapsed disease.[Level of evidence: 1iiDiv] Bone marrow and peripheral stem cell transplantations are under clinical evaluation.[8,9,10,11,12,13,14]
Standard Treatment Options
Survival of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is affected by stage of disease at presentation and the completeness of resection at radical nephrectomy. Overall survival rates range from 64% to 87%. The 5-year survival for stage I is 90% or higher, for stages II and III it is 50% to 80%, and for stage IV it is 9%, which is similar to the stage-for-stage survival in RCC in adults. Retrospective analyses and the small number of patients involved place limitations...
Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.
General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.
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Schetelig J, Thiede C, Bornhauser M, et al.: Evidence of a graft-versus-leukemia effect in chronic lymphocytic leukemia after reduced-intensity conditioning and allogeneic stem-cell transplantation: the Cooperative German Transplant Study Group. J Clin Oncol 21 (14): 2747-53, 2003.
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Moreno C, Villamor N, Colomer D, et al.: Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation may overcome the adverse prognosis of unmutated VH gene in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol 23 (15): 3433-8, 2005.
Khouri IF, Keating MJ, Saliba RM, et al.: Long-term follow-up of patients with CLL treated with allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation. Cytotherapy 4 (3): 217-21, 2002.
Doney KC, Chauncey T, Appelbaum FR, et al.: Allogeneic related donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Bone Marrow Transplant 29 (10): 817-23, 2002.
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