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Stage II Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer

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    Small Tumors of the Retromolar Trigone

    Standard treatment options:

    1. Limited resection of the mandible is performed to treat patients with early lesions that are without detectable bone invasion.
    2. Radiation therapy may be used initially, if limited resection is not feasible.
    3. Surgery is reserved for radiation failure.

    Small Lesions of the Upper Gingiva and Hard Palate

    Standard treatment options:

    • Surgical resection with postoperative radiation therapy, as appropriate, is used to treat most lesions. A small study showed that radiation therapy may be used effectively as the sole treatment modality.[3]

    Current Clinical Trials

    Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage II lip and oral cavity cancer. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.

    General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.

    References:

    1. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, Hong WK, eds.: Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, William & Wilkins, 2009.
    2. Pernot M, Malissard L, Aletti P, et al.: Iridium-192 brachytherapy in the management of 147 T2N0 oral tongue carcinomas treated with irradiation alone: comparison of two treatment techniques. Radiother Oncol 23 (4): 223-8, 1992.
    3. Yorozu A, Sykes AJ, Slevin NJ: Carcinoma of the hard palate treated with radiotherapy: a retrospective review of 31 cases. Oral Oncol 37 (6): 493-7, 2001.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

    Last Updated: February 25, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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