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Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer

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Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

Prognosis (chance of recovery) depends on the following:

  • The stage of the cancer.
  • Where the tumor is in the lip or oral cavity.
  • Whether the cancer has spread to blood vessels.

For patients who smoke, the chance of recovery is better if they stop smoking before beginning radiation therapy.

Treatment options depend on the following:

  • The stage of the cancer.
  • The size of the tumor and where it is in the lip or oral cavity.
  • Whether the patient's appearance and ability to talk and eat can stay the same.
  • The patient's age and general health.

Patients who have had lip and oral cavity cancer have an increased risk of developing a second cancer in the head or neck. Frequent and careful follow-up is important. Clinical trials are studying the use of retinoid drugs to reduce the risk of a second head and neck cancer. Information about ongoing clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

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WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: February 25, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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