Epidemic Kaposi sarcoma is found in patients who have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Epidemic Kaposi sarcoma occurs in patients who have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks and weakens the immune system. When the body's immune system is weakened by HIV, infections and cancers such as Kaposi sarcoma can develop.
Sedation may be considered for comfort.
Patients with advanced cancer or near the end of life may have:
A lot of emotional distress and physical pain.
Difficult and painful breathing.
Confusion (especially when body systems begin to fail).
Sedation can be given to ease these conditions. This is called palliative sedation. Deciding to use palliative sedation may be difficult for the family as well as the patient. The patient and family can get support from the health care team and...
Kaposi sarcoma is sometimes found in the lining of the mouth during a regular dental check-up.
In most patients with epidemic Kaposi sarcoma, the disease will spread to other parts of the body over time. Fever, weight loss, or diarrhea can occur. In the later stages of epidemic Kaposi sarcoma, life-threatening infections are common.
The use of drug therapy called HAART reduces the risk of epidemic Kaposi sarcoma in patients infected with HIV.
HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) is a combination of several drugs that block HIV and slow down the development of AIDS and AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma. For information about AIDS and its treatment, see the AIDSinfo Web site.