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    Newcastle Disease Virus (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Summary of the Evidence for Newcastle Disease Virus

    In view of the evidence accumulated to date, no conclusions can be drawn about the effectiveness of using Newcastle disease virus in the treatment of cancer. Most reported clinical studies have involved few patients, and historical control subjects rather than actual control groups have often been used for outcome comparisons. Poor descriptions of study design and incomplete reporting of clinical data have hindered evaluation of many of the reported findings. However, while most studies are small and lack adequate controls, the number of studies suggesting a potential clinical value warrants further attention.

    Separate levels of evidence scores are assigned to qualifying human studies on the basis of statistical strength of the study design and scientific strength of the treatment outcomes (i.e., endpoints) measured. The resulting two scores are then combined to produce an overall score. For additional information about levels of evidence analysis, refer to Levels of Evidence for Human Studies of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

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    General Information About Gallbladder Cancer

    Incidence and Mortality Estimated new cases and deaths from gallbladder (and other biliary) cancer in the United States in 2014:[1] New cases: 10,650. Deaths: 3,630. Cancer that arises in the gallbladder is uncommon. Clinical Features The most common symptoms caused by gallbladder cancer are jaundice, pain, and fever. Histopathology and Diagnostics In patients whose superficial cancer (T1 or confined to the mucosa) is discovered on pathological examination of...

    Read the General Information About Gallbladder Cancer article > >

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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