Skip to content

Cancer Health Center

Font Size

Stage III Penile Cancer

    Stage III penile cancer is defined by the following TNM classifications:

    • T1–3, N1, M0
    • T1–3, N2, M0

    Inguinal adenopathy in patients with penile cancer is common but may be the result of infection rather than neoplasm. If palpable enlarged lymph nodes exist 3 or more weeks after removal of the infected primary lesion and completion of a course of antibiotic therapy, bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection should be performed.

    Recommended Related to Cancer

    Help for the Caregiver

    Caregivers have a very hard job and it's normal to need help. Although caregiver assessments are used to plan support for the family caregiver, they are not always done. It's important for caregivers to ask for help when they need it. Many people who were once caregivers say they did too much on their own. Some wished that they had asked for help sooner. The best time to find out where to get help is when the patient is diagnosed with cancer. All through caregiving, it's important to watch for...

    Read the Help for the Caregiver article > >

    In cases of proven regional inguinal lymph node metastasis without evidence of distant spread, bilateral ilioinguinal dissection is the treatment of choice.[2,3,4,5] Since many patients with positive lymph nodes are not cured, clinical trials may be appropriate.

    Standard treatment options:

    1. Clinically evident regional lymph node metastasis without evidence of distant spread is an indication for bilateral ilioinguinal lymph node dissection after penile amputation.[6]
    2. Radiation therapy may be considered as an alternative to lymph node dissection in patients who are not surgical candidates.
    3. Postoperative radiation therapy may decrease incidence of inguinal recurrences.

    Treatment options under clinical evaluation:

    • Clinical trials using radiosensitizers or cytotoxic drugs are appropriate. A combination of vincristine, bleomycin, and methotrexate has been effective as both neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy.[7] Cisplatin (100 mg/m²) as neoadjuvant therapy plus continuous-infusion 5-fluorouracil has also been shown to be effective.[6] Single-agent cisplatin (50 mg/m2) was tested in a large trial and was found to be ineffective.[8]

    Because of the high incidence of microscopic node metastases, adjunctive inguinal dissection of clinically uninvolved (negative) lymph nodes in conjunction with amputation is often used for patients with poorly differentiated tumors. Lymphadenectomy can carry substantial morbidity, such as infection, skin necrosis, wound breakdown, chronic edema, and even a low, but finite, mortality rate. The impact of prophylactic lymphadenectomy on survival is not known. [3,4,9,10]

    To reduce the morbidity associated with prophylactic lymphadenectomy, dynamic sentinel node biopsy is being used in patients with stage T2 and stage T3 clinically node-negative penile cancer. One retrospective single-institution study of 22 patients reported a false-negative rate of 11%.[11]


      Today on WebMD

      Colorectal cancer cells
      A common one in both men and women.
      Lung cancer xray
      See it in pictures, plus read the facts.
      sauteed cherry tomatoes
      Fight cancer one plate at a time.
      Ovarian cancer illustration
      Do you know the symptoms?
      Jennifer Goodman Linn self-portrait
      what is your cancer risk
      colorectal cancer treatment advances
      breast cancer overview slideshow
      prostate cancer overview
      lung cancer overview slideshow
      ovarian cancer overview slideshow
      Actor Michael Douglas