Treatment Options for Stages I and II
Complete surgical resection of primary tumor followed by chemotherapy.In a randomized trial, seven of eight patients with stage I hepatocellular carcinoma survived disease free after adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy. In a survey of childhood liver tumors treated prior to the consistent use of chemotherapy, only 12 of 33 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had complete excision of the tumor survived. This suggests that adjuvant chemotherapy...
Added text about a study of spirituality and the use of complementary therapies in advanced cancer (cited Trinkaus et al. as reference 25).
Modes of Intervention
Added text about a study on the viewpoints of patients, physicians, and nurses on patient-practitioner prayer in the setting of advanced cancer (cited Balboni et al. as reference 9).
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