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Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage III Testicular Cancer


Standard treatment options for initial treatment for nonseminoma patients with intermediate- and poor-risk disease:

  • Radical inguinal orchiectomy followed by multidrug chemotherapy.[38]

    Chemotherapy combinations include:

    • BEP: bleomycin plus etoposide plus cisplatin.[3,4,41,42]
    • VIP: etoposide plus ifosfamide plus cisplatin.[5,41] Four cycles of VIP should be considered for patients with intermediate-risk metastatic seminoma who have a contraindication to receiving bleomycin.

Management of residual masses following chemotherapy for patients with seminoma

  • In seminoma patients, the residual masses after chemotherapy are usually fibrotic but may contain residual seminoma that requires additional therapy.[43,44] There are three standard management strategies:
    • Observation with no additional treatment or biopsies unless the residual mass(es) increase(s) in size.
    • Observation of masses smaller than 3 cm and surgical resection of masses larger than 3 cm.
    • FDG-PET scan 2 months after chemotherapy is completed with observation of PET-negative masses and resection of PET-positive masses.

Management of residual masses following chemotherapy for patients with nonseminoma

  • In patients who have residual masses following chemotherapy, all such masses should be resected if technically feasible. If some, but not all, residual masses can be resected, surgery is not usually performed. The rationale for surgery in this setting is that about half of the masses will contain viable tumor, either teratoma or cancer.

Current Clinical Trials

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage III malignant testicular germ cell tumor. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.

General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.


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This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: September 04, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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