Treating Nausea and Vomiting From Chemotherapy - Topic Overview
of the most common medicines used to control nausea and vomiting
Dronabinol and nabilone use an active ingredient from marijuana to treat nausea and vomiting in some people when other medicines don't work.
Medical marijuana is also legal in some areas.
The best way to prevent nausea and vomiting is to start
taking antinausea medicine well before you begin your cancer treatment. But
even if you have already started cancer treatment, it's not too late to try to
prevent nausea and vomiting. Talk with your doctor if chemotherapy is making
How do antinausea medicines work?
These medicines work in different ways. Some block a
chemical in the brain that controls vomiting. Other drugs reduce swelling in
the part of the brain that controls nausea. A few drugs slow down the
central nervous system. Some of these drugs work
alone. Others only work when you take them with other drugs.
antinausea medicines cause side effects. You may:
Not all antinausea medicines work the same for everyone. You
might have to try a few of these drugs, alone and together, to find what works
best for you. After you start to take antinausea medicines, tell your doctor
right away if you still feel sick.
What else can you do to manage nausea and vomiting?
In addition to
antinausea medicines, you can try some things at home to help yourself feel
better. If you're feeling sick, eat several small meals during the day instead
of a few large meals. Stay away from sweet, fried, or fatty foods. Suck on ice
cubes or mints. For more information, see:
- Cancer: Controlling Nausea and Vomiting From Chemotherapy.