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    Unusual Cancers of Childhood (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Unusual Cancers of the Abdomen



    The prognosis (chance of recovery) is good for patients who have small tumors that have been completely removed by surgery. The cancer is harder to treat when the tumor is large or when the cancer has spread to other parts of the body when it was diagnosed. These tumors can spread to the kidneys, lungs, bones, and brain.


    Treatment for cancer of the adrenal cortex in children may include the following:

    • Surgery with or without chemotherapy.
    • A second surgery for tumors that come back and for tumors that spread to other parts of the body.

    See the PDQ summary on adult Adrenocortical Carcinoma Treatment for more information.

    Stomach (Gastric) Cancer

    Stomach cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lining of the stomach. The stomach is a J-shaped organ in the upper abdomen. It is part of the digestive system, which processes nutrients (vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water) in foods that are eaten and helps pass waste material out of the body. Food moves from the throat to the stomach through a hollow, muscular tube called the esophagus. After leaving the stomach, partly-digested food passes into the small intestine and then into the large intestine.

    The stomach and esophagus are part of the upper digestive system.

    The risk of stomach cancer is increased by having an infection with Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori)bacterium, which is found in the stomach.

    Signs and Symptoms

    Many patients will have anemia (a lower than normal number of red blood cells), but have no signs or symptoms before the cancer spreads. Stomach cancer may cause any of the following signs and symptoms. Check with your child's doctor if your child has any of the following:

    Other conditions that are not stomach cancer may cause these same signs and symptoms.

    Diagnostic and Staging Tests

    Tests to diagnose and stage stomach cancer may include the following:

    • Physical exam and history.
    • X-ray of the abdomen.
    • Blood chemistry studies.
    • CT scan.
    • Biopsy.
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