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Unusual Cancers of Childhood (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Unusual Cancers of the Chest


See the General Information section for a description of these tests and procedures.

Another test used to diagnose breast cancer is the mammogram (an x-ray of the breast). When treatment for another cancer included radiation therapy to the breast or chest, it is important to have a mammogram and MRI of the breast to check for breast cancer beginning at age 25, or 10 years after finishing radiation therapy, whichever is later.


Treatment of breast cancer in children may include the following:

  • Watchful waiting, for benign tumors.
  • Surgery to remove the tumor, but not the whole breast. Radiation therapy may also be given.

See the PDQ summary Breast Cancer Treatment for more information on the treatment of adolescents and young adults with breast cancer.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer begins in the tissue of the lung. The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing organs in the chest. The lungs bring oxygen into the body as you breathe in. They release carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body's cells, as you breathe out. Each lung has sections called lobes. The left lung has two lobes. The right lung is slightly larger and has three lobes. Two tubes called bronchi lead from the trachea (windpipe) to the right and left lungs. Tiny air sacs called alveoli and small tubes called bronchioles make up the inside of the lungs.

In children, most lung tumors are malignant (cancer).

Symptoms and Diagnostic Tests

Lung cancer may cause any of the following signs and symptoms. Check with your child's doctor if you see any of the following problems in your child:

  • Coughing.
  • Streaks of blood in sputum (mucus coughed up from the lungs).
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Chest discomfort.
  • Fever.
  • Weight loss for no known reason.

Tests to diagnose lung cancer may include the following:

  • Physical exam and history.
  • X-ray of the chest.
  • CT scan.

See the General Information section for a description of these tests and procedures.


Treatment for lung cancer in children is surgery to remove the tumor. More treatment may be given after surgery. It depends on the type of tumor and whether the tumor has spread.

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