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Cancer Health Center

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Vaginal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Vaginal Cancer


Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

The prognosis (chance of recovery) depends on the following:

  • The stage of the cancer (whether it is in the vagina only or has spread to other areas).
  • The size of the tumor.
  • The grade of tumor cells (how different they are from normal cells).
  • Where the cancer is within the vagina.
  • Whether there are signs or symptoms at diagnosis.
  • The patient's age and general health.
  • Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred (come back).

When found in early stages, vaginal cancer can often be cured.

Treatment options depend on the following:

  • The stage and size of the cancer.
  • Whether the cancer is close to other organs that may be damaged by treatment.
  • Whether the tumor is made up of squamous cells or is an adenocarcinoma.
  • Whether the patient has a uterus or has had a hysterectomy.
  • Whether the patient has had past radiation treatment to the pelvis.

This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: May 28, 2015
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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