Testicular cancer is not common. It is
often first discovered by the man himself, or his sex partner, as a lump or an
enlarged and swollen testicle. In the early stages of testicular cancer, the
lump, which may be about the size of a pea, usually is not painful. Testicular
cancer found early and treated quickly has a very high cure rate.
Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level of evidence. The PDQ editorial boards use a formal ranking system to help the reader judge the strength of evidence linked to the reported results of a therapeutic strategy. (Refer to the PDQ summary on Levels of Evidence for more information.)
Incidence and Mortality
Estimated new cases and deaths from colon cancer in the United States in 2011:
New cases: 101,340 (colon cancer only).
Deaths: 49,380 (colon...
A genital exam is an important part of a
routine physical exam for every adolescent boy and man.
Testicular self-examination (TSE) may
detect testicular cancer at an early stage. Many doctors do not believe monthly TSE is
needed for men who are at average risk for testicular cancer.
Monthly TSE may be recommended for men who are at high risk for
testicular cancer. This includes men with a history of an undescended testicle
or a family or personal history of testicular cancer.