Understanding Testicular Cancer -- Diagnosis and Treatment
What Are the Treatments for Testicular Cancer?
Surgical removal of a testicle is unavoidable, since the testicle is required for diagnosis. If cancer is found, a second operation to remove abdominal lymph nodes may be performed depending on the type and extent of the cancer. These two operations are often enough to cure testicular cancer that hasn't spread.
Chemotherapy, radiation therapy,
or both may be used in addition to surgery to treat advanced cases of testicular cancer.
Stem cell transplantation to allow higher-dose chemotherapy is done if testicular cancer is not cured by regular chemotherapy. This is very uncommon.
Supportive therapies can help you deal with the emotional distress associated with cancer. Many patients find psychological counseling or support groups helpful in dealing with the emotional consequences.
Nearly all testicular cancer patients live cancer-free for a long time, but it is very important to have frequent and regular follow-up exams in case cancer comes back in the other testicle. All men with testicular cancer should be monitored for the rest of their lives.
How Can I Prevent Testicular Cancer?
It is not possible to prevent testicular cancer. Because it is so highly treatable, early detection with regular testicular self-exam is the most effective way to prevent complications or death from testicular cancer.