Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex
It is possible that the main title of the report Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Bladder exstrophy-epispadias-cloacal exstrophy complex is a spectrum of anomalies involving the urinary tract, genital tract, musculoskeletal system and sometimes the intestinal tract. In classic bladder exstrophy, most anomalies are related to defects of the abdominal wall, bladder, genitalia, pelvic bones, rectum and anus.
Bladder exstrophy is a rare developmental abnormality that is present at birth (congenital) in which the bladder and related structures are turned inside out. The rear portion of the bladder wall (posterior vesical wall) turns outward (exstrophy) through an opening in the abdominal wall and urine is excreted through this opening. The extent of the exstrophy depends on how large the opening is. The mildest form is when there is a defect or opening in the tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder (urethra) and is termed epispadias.
The most severe form is when there is a defect in the urethra, bladder and bowel (cloacal exstrophy). Classic bladder exstrophy is when there is a defect in the urethra and bladder and is intermediate in severity. The underlying cause of this complex is not known. The physical characteristics are the result of a developmental abnormality during embryonic growth in which the cloacal membrane is not replaced by tissue that will form the abdominal muscles.
National Association for Continence
P.O. Box 1019
Charleston, SC 29402-1019
Urology Care Foundation
1000 Corporate Blvd
Linthicum, MD 21090
Association For Bladder Exstrophy Community
6737 West Washington Street
West Allis, WI 53214
NIH/National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
1705 Wintergreen Parkway
Normal, IL 61761
P.O. Box 392
Brunswick, ME 04011
Birth Defect Research for Children, Inc.
976 Lake Baldwin Lane
Orlando, FL 32814
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024