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    Biotinidase deficiency

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Biotinidase deficiency is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • BTD deficiency
    • Infantile multiple carboxylase deficiency
    • Juvenile multiple carboxylase deficiency
    • Late-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency
    • Multiple carboxylase deficiency, due to biotinidase deficiency

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Biotinidase deficiency (BTD) is a treatable, metabolic disorder that is the result of a low concentration, or complete lack, of the enzyme, biotinidase. Biotinidase deficiency is an inherited disorder in which the body is not able to properly process the vitamin, biotin, which is sometimes referred to as Vitamin H. Biotin is an essential vitamin to the metabolic process and biotinidase, among its other functions, allows biotin to become available for use by the body. Mutations in the BTD gene cause biotinidase deficiency. The genetic traits associated with biotinidase deficiency are transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner.

    Most infants with BTD show signs of lactic acid in the urine (aciduria), a widespread, red, skin rash (eczema), seizures, poor muscle tone (hypotonia), developmental delays, and hair loss (alopecia). Daily treatment with biotin supplements will clear up these symptoms.

    Resources

    CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
    Climb Building
    176 Nantwich Road
    Crewe, CW2 6BG
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 4408452412173
    Fax: 4408452412174
    Email: enquiries@climb.org.uk
    Internet: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk

    NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
    Office of Communications & Public Liaison
    Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
    31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
    Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
    Tel: (301)496-3583
    Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    Biotinidase Deficiency Family Support Group
    Henry Ford Hospital
    2799 West grand Blvd., CFP-4
    Detroit, MI 48202
    Tel: (770)486-7283
    Email: Laurie.Farmer@fda.hhs.gov
    Internet: http://www.biotinidasedeficiency.20m.com/

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 9/23/2007
    Copyright 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 2000, 2006, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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