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Biotinidase deficiency

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Biotinidase deficiency is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • BTD deficiency
  • Infantile multiple carboxylase deficiency
  • Juvenile multiple carboxylase deficiency
  • Late-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency
  • Multiple carboxylase deficiency, due to biotinidase deficiency

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Biotinidase deficiency (BTD) is a treatable, metabolic disorder that is the result of a low concentration, or complete lack, of the enzyme, biotinidase. Biotinidase deficiency is an inherited disorder in which the body is not able to properly process the vitamin, biotin, which is sometimes referred to as Vitamin H. Biotin is an essential vitamin to the metabolic process and biotinidase, among its other functions, allows biotin to become available for use by the body. Mutations in the BTD gene cause biotinidase deficiency. The genetic traits associated with biotinidase deficiency are transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner.

Most infants with BTD show signs of lactic acid in the urine (aciduria), a widespread, red, skin rash (eczema), seizures, poor muscle tone (hypotonia), developmental delays, and hair loss (alopecia). Daily treatment with biotin supplements will clear up these symptoms.

Resources

CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
Climb Building
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, CW2 6BG
United Kingdom
Tel: 4408452412173
Fax: 4408452412174
Email: enquiries@climb.org.uk
Internet: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk

NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Office of Communications & Public Liaison
Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
Tel: (301)496-3583
Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Biotinidase Deficiency Family Support Group
Henry Ford Hospital
2799 West grand Blvd., CFP-4
Detroit, MI 48202
Tel: (770)486-7283
Email: Laurie.Farmer@fda.hhs.gov
Internet: http://www.biotinidasedeficiency.20m.com/

For a Complete Report:

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  9/23/2007
Copyright  1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 2000, 2006, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization of Rare Disorders

Last Updated: September 04, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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