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    Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9p (Multiple Variants)

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9p (Multiple Variants) is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • Trisomy 9P Syndrome (Partial), Included
    • Chromosome 9, Partial Trisomy 9P, Included
    • Chromosome 9, Complete Trisomy 9P
    • Rethore Syndrome (obsolete)
    • Duplication 9p Syndrome
    • Dup(9p) Syndrome
    • Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9pter-q11-13, Included
    • Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9pter-q22-32, Included

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    This disease entry was made possible due to the generosity of the Robert Lee and Clara Guthrie Patterson Trust, through grant funds provided for the National Organization for Rare Disorders' "Pediatric Rare Disease Database Project."

    Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9p is a rare chromosomal syndrome in which a portion of the 9th chromosome appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in cells of the body. The trisomy may involve a portion of the short arm (9p), the entire short arm, or the short arm and a portion of the long arm (9q) of chromosome 9. (Each chromosome contains a short arm known as "p" and a long arm designated as "q.") Evidence suggests that, in many cases, associated symptoms and findings may be relatively similar among affected infants despite differing lengths of the trisomic (duplicated) segment of 9p. However, in those with larger trisomies (e.g., extending to middle or end [distal] regions of 9q), additional features may also be present that appear to correlate with the extent of the duplication.

    Virtually all individuals with Trisomy 9p are affected by mental retardation and distinctive malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region. In some instances, additional physical abnormalities may also be present, such as other skeletal defects, structural malformations of the heart that are present at birth (congenital heart defects), and/or other findings. In some cases, the trisomy appears to result from a balanced chromosomal rearrangement in one of the parents; in others, it is thought to arise from spontaneous (de novo) errors very early in embryonic development that occur for unknown reasons (sporadically).

    Resources

    Support Organization for Trisomy 18, 13, and Related Disorders
    2982 S. Union Street
    Rochester, NY 14624-1926
    Fax: (585)594-1957
    Tel: (800)716-7638
    Email: barbv@trisomy.org
    Internet: http://www.trisomy.org

    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
    1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
    White Plains, NY 10605
    Tel: (914)997-4488
    Fax: (914)997-4763
    Tel: (888)663-4637
    Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
    Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

    The Arc
    1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
    Washington, DC 20006
    Tel: (202)534-3700
    Fax: (202)534-3731
    Tel: (800)433-5255
    TDD: (817)277-0553
    Email: info@thearc.org
    Internet: http://www.thearc.org

    AmeriFace
    P.O. Box 751112
    Limekiln, PA 19535
    USA
    Tel: (702)769-9264
    Fax: (702)341-5351
    Tel: (888)486-1209
    Email: info@ameriface.org
    Internet: http://www.ameriface.org

    Trisomy 9 International Parent Support (9TIPS)
    4027 E. Piedmont Drive
    Highland, CA 92346
    USA
    Tel: (909)862-4470
    Email: atoddna@sprynet.com
    Internet: http://www.trisomy9.org/9tips.htm

    American Heart Association
    7272 Greenville Avenue
    Dallas, TX 75231
    Tel: (214)784-7212
    Fax: (214)784-1307
    Tel: (800)242-8721
    Email: Review.personal.info@heart.org
    Internet: http://www.heart.org

    Support Organization for Trisomy 13/18 and Related Disorders, UK
    c/o Christine Rose
    48 Froggatts Ride
    Walmley
    Sutton Coldfield
    West Midlands, B76 2TQ SOFT
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 01213513122
    Email: enquiries@soft.org.uk
    Internet: http://www.soft.org.uk

    UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group
    P.O. Box 2189
    Caterham
    Surrey, CR3 5GN
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 4401883330766
    Fax: 4401883330766
    Email: info@rarechromo.org
    Internet: http://www.rarechromo.org

    Craniofacial Foundation of America
    975 East Third Street
    Chattanooga, TN 37403
    Tel: (423)778-9176
    Fax: (423)778-8172
    Tel: (800)418-3223
    Email: terry.smyth@erlanger.org
    Internet: http://www.craniofacialfoundation.org

    Support Organisation for Trisomy and Related Disorders
    Email: mandyjc@amnet.net.au
    Internet: http://www.trisomy9.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 4/7/2008
    Copyright 1996, 1997, 2001 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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