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    Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • FAV
    • Goldenhar-Gorlin Syndrome
    • First and Second Branchial Arch Syndrome
    • OAV Spectrum
    • Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Dysplasia
    • Facio-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum
    • OAVS

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Disorder
    • Hemifacial Microsomia (HFM)
    • Goldenhar Syndrome

    General Discussion

    Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) refers to three rare disorders that many clinicians believe to be intimately related to one another and which represent the range of severity of the same disorder. These disorders are apparent at birth (congenital). As the name suggests, they involve malformations of the eyes, ears and spine.

    Oculo-auriculo-vertebral disorder (OAVD) represents the mildest form of the disorder, while Goldenhar syndrome presents frequently as the most severe form. Hemifacial microstomia appears to be an intermediate form.

    The disorder is characterized by a wide spectrum of symptoms and physical features that may vary greatly in range and severity from case to case. However, such abnormalities tend to involve the cheekbones, jaw, mouth, ears, eyes, and/or bones of the spinal column (vertebrae). Although, in most cases (about 60%), such malformations affect one side of the body (unilateral), approximately 10 to 33 percent of affected individuals have such malformations on both sides of the body (bilateral), with one side typically more affected than the other (asymmetry). In the majority of such cases, the right side is more severely affected than the left.

    In most cases OAVS appears to occur randomly, with no apparent cause (sporadic). However, in some cases, family histories suggest autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance. In addition, some researchers suggest that the disorder may be caused by the interaction of many genes, possibly in combination with environmental factors (multifactorial inheritance).

    Resources

    Children's Craniofacial Association
    13140 Coit Road
    Suite 517
    Dallas, TX 75240
    USA
    Tel: (214)570-9099
    Fax: (214)570-8811
    Tel: (800)535-3643
    Email: contactCCA@ccakids.com
    Internet: http://www.ccakids.com

    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
    1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
    White Plains, NY 10605
    Tel: (914)997-4488
    Fax: (914)997-4763
    Tel: (888)663-4637
    Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
    Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

    FACES: The National Craniofacial Association
    PO Box 11082
    Chattanooga, TN 37401
    Tel: (423)266-1632
    Fax: (423)267-3124
    Tel: (800)332-2373
    Email: faces@faces-cranio.org
    Internet: http://www.faces-cranio.org

    National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments (NAPVI)
    P.O. Box 317
    Watertown, MA 02272-0317
    Tel: (617)972-7441
    Fax: (617)972-7444
    Tel: (800)562-6265
    Email: napvi@perkins.org
    Internet: http://www.napvi.org

    National Kidney Foundation
    30 East 33rd Street
    New York, NY 10016
    Tel: (212)889-2210
    Fax: (212)689-9261
    Tel: (800)622-9010
    Email: info@kidney.org
    Internet: http://www.kidney.org

    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
    2200 Research Boulevard
    Rockville, MD 20850-3289
    United States
    Tel: (301)296-5700
    Fax: (301)296-8580
    Tel: (800)638-8255
    Email: actioncenter@asha.org
    Internet: http://www.asha.org

    Ear Anomalies Reconstructed: Atresia/Microtia Support Group
    72 Durand Road
    Maplewood, NJ 07040
    USA
    Tel: (973)761-5438
    Fax: (973)378-8930
    Email: atresiamicrotia-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

    NIH/National Eye Institute
    31 Center Dr
    MSC 2510
    Bethesda, MD 20892-2510
    United States
    Tel: (301)496-5248
    Fax: (301)402-1065
    Email: 2020@nei.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.nei.nih.gov/

    NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
    P.O. Box 30105
    Bethesda, MD 20892-0105
    Tel: (301)592-8573
    Fax: (301)251-1223
    Email: nhlbiinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

    Goldenhar Syndrome Support Network Society
    PO Box 751112
    Las Vegas, NV 89136-1112
    USA
    Fax: (702)341-5351
    Tel: (888)486-1209
    Email: info@ameriface.org
    Internet: http://www.goldenharsyndrome.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Atresia/Microtia Online E-mail Support Group
    Email: AtresiaMicrotia-owner@yahoogroups.com
    Internet: http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/AtresiaMicrotia/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    American Academy of Audiology
    11730 Plaza America Drive, Suite 300
    Reston, VA 20190
    Tel: (703)790-8466
    Fax: (703)790-8631
    Tel: (800)222-2336
    Email: infoaud@audiology.org
    Internet: http://www.audiology.org

    Cleft Lip and Palate Foundation of Smiles
    2044 Michael Ave SW
    Wyoming, MI 49509
    Tel: (616)329-1335
    Email: Rachelmancuso09@comcast.net
    Internet: http://www.cleftsmile.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 9/23/2007
    Copyright 1987, 1989, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2006, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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