In childhood brain and spinal cord tumors, treatment options are based on several factors.
Staging is the process used to find how much cancer there is and if cancer has spread within the brain, spinal cord, or to other parts of the body. It is important to know the stage in order to plan cancer treatment.
In childhood brain and spinal cord tumors, there is no standard staging system. Instead, the plan for cancer treatment depends on several factors:
The type of tumor and where the tumor...
Nursemaid's elbow means the elbow has slipped out of its normal place at the joint.
The elbow bone (radius) is connected to the elbow joint(humerus) by elastic bands called ligaments. These ligaments grow stronger and tighter as a child grows older. In little kids and babies, the ligaments are still loose. This makes it easy for the elbow to slip out of place.
Your doctor or nurse may use other terms for nursemaid's elbow, such as:
partially dislocated elbow
radial head subluxation
Who Gets Nursemaid's Elbow?
Nursemaid's elbow is a common injury among toddlers and preschoolers. It may happen in babies, too.
The injury is not often seen in kids older than 5 or 6. That's because as children grow, their bones harden and the ligaments get tighter and thicker. This helps keep the elbow firmly in place.
Girls are slightly more likely than boys to have nursemaid's elbow.
Causes of Nursemaid's Elbow
Nursemaid's elbow can happen if you tug or pull on a child's lower arm or hand, especially if the arm is twisted. It doesn't take much force for the injury to happen. The most common cause of nursemaid's elbow is a pulling-type injury.
Nursemaid's elbow may happen if you:
Catch a child by the hand to stop a fall.
Lift a child up by the hands or wrists.
Pull a child's arm through a jacket sleeve.
Swing a child by the arms or hands.
Yank on a child's arm to make him or her walk faster.
A child uses the hands to brace himself or herself during a fall.
Symptoms of Nursemaid's Elbow
Nursemaid's elbow can be quite painful. However, the arm or elbow doesn't look hurt, the way a broken bone or sprain might. There is no swelling or bruising.
Symptoms of nursemaid's elbow include:
Arm hangs straight down on side of body
Child is not using the arm
Pain when moving the arm
Pain in the elbow, wrist, or shoulder
Treatment of Nursemaid's Elbow
Treatment depends on your child's age and overall health. The doctor will examine the child and make sure the bone is not broken. X-rays are not usually necessary to diagnose this.
Over-the-counter pain medicine, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), may be given. Make sure you ask your health care provider for the correct dose for your child. Never give aspirin to a child under age 12.