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    Setleis Syndrome

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Setleis Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • Facial Ectodermal Dysplasia
    • Bitemporal Forceps Marks Syndrome
    • Focal Facial Dermal Dysplasia Type II
    • FFDD Type II

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Setleis syndrome is an extremely rare inherited disorder that belongs to a group of diseases known as ectodermal dysplasias. Ectodermal dysplasias typically affect the hair, teeth, nails, and/or skin. Setleis syndrome is characterized by distinctive abnormalities of the facial area that may be apparent at birth (congenital). Most affected infants have multiple, scar-like, circular depressions on both temples (bitemporal). These marks closely resemble those made when forceps are used to assist delivery. In addition, affected infants may have puffy, wrinkled skin around the eyes (periorbital) and/or abnormalities of the eyelashes, eyebrows, and eyelids. Infants with Setleis syndrome may be missing eyelashes on both the upper and lower lids, or they may have multiple rows of lashes on the upper lids but none on the lower lids. In addition, in some cases, the bridge of the nose may appear flat, while the tip may appear unusually rounded (bulbous). Affected infants often have loose, excessive (redundant) skin, particularly in the area of the nose and the chin. Due to such facial abnormalities, infants with Setleis syndrome may have an aged and/or "leonine" (lion-like) appearance. The range and severity of symptoms may vary from case to case. Most cases of Setleis syndrome are thought to be inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic trait.

    Resources

    National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasias
    6 Execuitive Drive
    Suite 2
    Fairview Hiights, IL 62208
    Tel: (618)566-2020
    Fax: (618)566-4718
    Email: info@nfed.org
    Internet: http://www.nfed.org

    Children's Craniofacial Association
    13140 Coit Road
    Suite 517
    Dallas, TX 75240
    USA
    Tel: (214)570-9099
    Fax: (214)570-8811
    Tel: (800)535-3643
    Email: contactCCA@ccakids.com
    Internet: http://www.ccakids.com

    NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
    Information Clearinghouse
    One AMS Circle
    Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
    USA
    Tel: (301)495-4484
    Fax: (301)718-6366
    Tel: (877)226-4267
    TDD: (301)565-2966
    Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/

    Craniofacial Foundation of America
    975 East Third Street
    Chattanooga, TN 37403
    Tel: (423)778-9176
    Fax: (423)778-8172
    Tel: (800)418-3223
    Email: terry.smyth@erlanger.org
    Internet: http://www.craniofacialfoundation.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Ectodermal Dysplasia Society
    Unit 1 Maida Vale Business Centre
    Leckhampton
    Cheltenham
    Gloucestershire
    England, GL53 7ER
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 4401242261332
    Tel: 4407805775703
    Email: diana@ectodermaldysplasia.org
    Internet: http://www.ectodermaldysplasia.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 3/28/2008
    Copyright 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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