Bacterial and Viral Rashes
A paramyxovirus causes the measles. A safe and effective vaccine is available to prevent this disease, but outbreaks in people who have not been adequately vaccinated still happen.
- The disease usually begins with nasal congestion, eye redness, swelling and tearing, cough, lethargy, and high fever.
- On the third or fourth day of the illness, the child will develop a red rash on the face, which spreads rapidly and lasts about 7 days.
- Another rash consisting of white spots on the gums in the mouth, may also develop.
- Once the disease begins, no medication treats measles. However, your doctor may offer treatments to care for cough, eye symptoms, and fever. Aspirin and aspirin-like products cannot be used as they can cause a life-threatening condition called Reye syndrome.
- Some children develop secondary bacterial infections of the middle ear, sinuses, lung and neck lymph nodes. These can be treated with antibiotics.
- Children who have measles appear quite ill and are miserable, but the illness usually gets better without lasting ill effects within 7-10 days after symptoms started.
- You can prevent your child from getting measles by making sure they receive the recommended vaccinations. The measles vaccine is part of the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine given at age 12-15 months and repeated at age 4-6 or 11-12 years.
Rubella (German measles)
Rubella is a much milder disease in children that's also caused by a virus (Rubivirus). Symptoms may begin 14-21 days after exposure to the virus. If contracted in the womb, rubella is a much more serious disease, causing deafness, heart abnormalities, eye problems, retardation, and other conditions in the newborn.
- Symptoms in children
- Rubella begins with a pink/red rash on the face then spreads to the rest of the body and gets better in about 4 days.
- Your child does not appear to be very ill but may develop swollen lymph nodes in the neck, especially behind the ears.
- Rubella is also easily prevented with an effective vaccine (the MMR).
- Rubella can be very serious to an unborn child if the mother develops rubella early in her pregnancy. All women of childbearing age should have their immune status verified.