Muscle relaxants (antispasmodics) are the most common medicines used for people who have CP. They can help relax tight muscles and reduce muscle spasms. Most antispasmodics are taken by mouth. Some are injected directly into stiff or spastic muscles. Examples include:
Anticonvulsants help prevent or control seizures. These include:
Anticholinergics help some people who have CP who have uncontrollable body movements (dystonic cerebral palsy) or who drool often. These include:
What to think about
Some doctors believe that oral antispasmodic medicines should not be given to growing children. They are concerned that side effects from these medicines can cause problems for children that are worse than the tight muscles and muscle spasms related to CP. For example, drowsiness is a side effect that may interfere with a child's ability to concentrate and learn in school. Other doctors believe that the benefits of these medicines outweigh the risk of side effects.
Ask your doctor the following questions about any medicine prescribed for your child:
- How successful is it in treating my child's problem?
- What are the short-term and long-term side effects?
- What are the chances that the medicine will stop working? What options are available if this happens?
- How might it affect my child's growth and development?