Child Safety: Preventing Burns - Topic Overview
Burns are a potential hazard in any home. There are four kinds of burning hazards that may hurt your child:
- Heat burns
- Electrical burns
- Friction burns
- Chemical burns
Heat burns, also called thermal burns, are caused by contact with
fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. Tap water is a leading cause of
Protect your child from heat burns in the following ways:
- Keep children away from kitchen appliances,
irons, fireplaces, portable heaters, and wall heaters. Use screens to block off
areas, if needed. When outdoors, keep your child away from barbecue grills and
- Install scald-resistant faucets in sinks, showers, and
bathtubs that children use. These fixtures have built-in thermostats to control
the maximum temperature of the water. Set the thermostat so that the water
temperature doesn't exceed
- Use kitchen range dial protectors, which prevent a child from
turning on the heating elements of a stove.
- Cook with pot handles
turned away from the edge of the stove and on the back burner when possible,
out of the reach of children.
- Be careful not to spill hot beverages
when carrying or drinking them around children.
- Consider buying
pajamas made of flame-resistant fabric for your child.
- Keep your flammable garage items out of the reach of children.
- Enjoy fireworks from a distance.
Fireworks injure children each summer. Children can also get burns from using and being
around firecrackers and sparklers.
Electrical burns are caused by contact with electrical sources or by
lightning. Electrical current passing through a person's body may injure blood
vessels, nerves, and muscles. Also, the throat and lungs can swell
rapidly and severely, making breathing hard. The current can also damage
Protect your child around your home by using the following safety
- Place plug covers on all outlets.
- Unplug all electrical items that are in your child's reach.
extra caution when using electrical items in areas where water sources are
nearby, such as using a hair dryer in the bathroom.
- Don't let
your child play with toys that must be plugged into an electrical outlet.
- Take your child indoors and close all windows and doors during an
- Don't overload electrical outlets by using too
many extension cords or electrical receptacle multipliers.
electrical equipment and appliances that show signs of wear, such as having
frayed or loose wires.