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Down Syndrome - Symptoms

There are more than 50 features of Down syndrome. But not every person with Down syndrome has all the same features or health problems. Some features and problems are common.

Body shape and size

  • Short stature (height). A child often grows slowly and is shorter than average as an adult.
  • Low muscle tone (hypotonia) throughout the body. Belly muscles with low muscle tone can make the stomach stick out.
  • A short, wide neck. The neck may have excess fat and skin.
  • Short, stocky arms and legs. Some children also have a wide space between the big toe and second toe.

Face shape and features

  • Slanted eyes. The doctor may also notice small spots on the colored part of the eye (iris).
  • A nasal bridge that looks pushed in. The nasal bridge is the flat area between the nose and eyes.
  • Small ears. And they may be set low on the head.
  • Irregularly shaped mouth and tongue. The child's tongue may partly stick out. The roof of the mouth (palate) may be narrow and high with a downward curve.
  • Irregular and crooked teeth. Teeth often come in late and not in the same order that other children's teeth come in.

Health problems

Some health problems related to Down syndrome are:

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: July 01, 2013
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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