Growth and Development, Ages 2 to 5 Years - Promoting Healthy Growth and Development
Sensory and motor development
- Provide a variety of experiences and play environments. Schedule time each day for either indoor or outdoor
physical activity, such as dancing or going to a playground. These activities improve coordination and other large muscle skills. Fine motor
skills develop through things such as art projects (like painting or using scissors) and playing musical instruments.
Nurturing your relationship with your child
Your relationship with your child will constantly change
as your child gains new skills and
develops independence. You can help your child through
each stage by looking at your relationship from time to time. Ask
- What do I like most about my child?
- What could be triggering problem behavior? Are any of these new
- What new skills has my child learned within the past 3 months?
2 months? 1 month?
- What tasks can I encourage my child to do for himself or herself?
How can I encourage him or her?
- When am I happy about how I treat my child?
- What don't I like about some of our interactions? When do these
episodes tend to occur?
If you are the parent or caregiver of children, it is also important
for you to:
- Learn and use effective
parenting and discipline techniques and avoid the use
of corporal punishment. Parenting classes are offered in
most communities. Ask your doctor or call a local hospital for more
- Learn healthy techniques to resolve conflicts and manage
stress. For more information, see the topic
- Ask for help when you need it. Call a family member or friend to
give you a break if you feel overwhelmed. Find community resources to help you with child care or other services that you need. Call a
doctor or local hospital for a place to start. Some communities have respite
care facilities for children. They provide temporary child care during times
when you need a break.
- Get help from
school programs if your child has special
- Seek help if you think you have a problem with alcohol,
depression, stress, or other issues that affect your