Physical development slows down from
the rapid growth during infancy. From age 2 through age 5, most children
3 lb (1.5 kg) to
5 lb (2.5 kg) a year and grow about
3 in. (8 cm) a year.
Cognitive development, or thinking and
reasoning skills, progresses from a simple to a more complex understanding of
time, letters, counting, and colors. Children are able to follow increasingly
more detailed commands.
Language develops rapidly between ages
2 and 5. By age 3, children can speak at
least 200 words and can follow two-part directions, such as "Wash your face and
put your shoes away." Most
5-year-olds can carry on a conversation.
Sensory and motor skills become more
refined, from being able to walk up stairs, kick a ball, and draw simple
strokes to being able to do basic tumbling and draw rough figures of people and other
Have gained about
4.4 lb (2 kg) and grown 1.5 in. (4 cm) to 2 in. (5 cm) since turning 4.
Know their address and phone number, most letters of the
alphabet, how to count up to 10, and basic concepts of time.
Like to please others and have friends. But it is normal for
children this age to sometimes act unkindly.
Can carry on conversations and use more advanced grammar, such as
the future tense.
Can hop on one foot, somersault, and possibly skip. Most
5-year-olds can dress and undress themselves.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
October 18, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this