Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older - Home Treatment
Home treatment may be all that is
needed to treat occasional nausea.
- Watch for
dehydration, and treat it early. Signs of dehydration include being thirstier than usual and having less urine than usual. Older adults and young
children can quickly become dehydrated.
- Don't use aspirin or a
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as
ibuprofen, to treat belly pain.
- Take an
over-the-counter antinausea medicine, such as
meclizine (Antivert or Bonine) or dimenhydrinate (Dramamine), or an
antihistamine, such as Benadryl. Don't give
antihistamines to your child unless you've checked with the doctor
- Try acupressure:
- Place the tip of your right index finger on
the underside of your left wrist, about
1.5 in. (4 cm) from your hand.
Acupressure points are very small, so you may need to try this method more than
- Apply moderate pressure for 2 to 3
- Repeat as needed.
- Acupressure bands,
which are available for motion sickness, may help reduce nausea.
- Suck on peppermint candy, or chew a stick of
peppermint gum. Peppermint may relax tight muscles in your stomach and help
decrease the stomach contractions that may be causing your nausea.
If you are vomiting:
- Rest in bed until you are feeling
- Sip a
rehydration drink to restore lost fluids and
- After vomiting has stopped for 1 hour, drink
1 fl oz (30 mL) of a clear
liquid every 20 minutes for 1 hour. Clear liquids include apple or grape
juice mixed to half strength with water, rehydration drinks, weak tea with
sugar, clear broth, and gelatin dessert. Avoid orange juice, grapefruit juice,
tomato juice, and lemonade. Avoid apple and grape juice if you also have
diarrhea. Do not drink milk products, alcohol, or carbonated drinks such as
- If you do not have any more vomiting, increase the amount
of fluid you drink to
8 fl oz (240 mL) during the
second hour. If you are not vomiting after the second hour, make sure that you
continue to drink enough to prevent dehydration.
- When you are
feeling better, begin eating clear soups, mild foods, and liquids until all
symptoms are gone for 12 to 48 hours. Gelatin dessert, dry toast, crackers, and
cooked cereal are good choices. Try to stay away from strong food odors, which
can make nausea worse.
The acid in vomit can erode dental enamel and cause tooth
decay (cavities). Rinse your mouth with water after you
vomit. Brush your teeth if you can.