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Speech and Language Development - References


  1. Morton CC, Nance WE (2006). Newborn hearing screening-A silent revolution. New England Journal of Medicine, 354(20): 2151-2164.

  2. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2008). Universal Screening for Hearing Loss in Newborns: Recommendation Statement. Available online:

  3. Simms MD, Schum RL (2011). Language development and communication disorders. In RM Kliegman et al., eds., Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 19th ed., pp. 114-122. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

  4. Council on Communications and Media, American Academy of Pediatrics (2011). Media use by children younger than 2 years. Pediatrics, 128(5): 1-6.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Academy of Pediatrics (2008). Promoting child development. In JF Hagan et al., eds., Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents, 3rd ed., pp. 39-75. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

  • Coplan J (2011). Language delays. In M Augustyn et al., eds., The Zuckerman Parker Handbook of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics for Primary Care, 3rd ed., pp. 258-262. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Duursma E, et al. (2008). Reading aloud to children: The evidence. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93(7): 554-557.

  • Goldson E, Reynolds A (2012). Child development and behavior. In WW Hay et al., eds., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Pediatrics, 21st ed., pp. 73-112. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, American Academy of Pediatrics (2007). Year 2007 position statement: Principles and guidelines for early hearing detection and intervention programs. Pediatrics, 120(4): 898-921. Also available online:

  • Law J, et al. (2003). Speech and language therapy interventions for children with primary speech and language delay or disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3). Oxford: Update Software.

  • Newman BM, Newman PR (2012). Toddlerhood (ages 2 and 3). In Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach, 11th ed., pp. 195-237. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

  • Sosinsky LS, et al. (2007). The preschool child. In A Martin, FR Volkmar, eds., Lewis's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 4th ed., pp. 261-267. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2006). Screening for speech and language delay in preschool children: Recommendation statement. Available online:

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: September 09, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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