In childhood brain and spinal cord tumors, treatment options are based on several factors.
Staging is the process used to find how much cancer there is and if cancer has spread within the brain, spinal cord, or to other parts of the body. It is important to know the stage in order to plan cancer treatment.
In childhood brain and spinal cord tumors, there is no standard staging system. Instead, the plan for cancer treatment depends on several factors:
The type of tumor and where the tumor...
The doctor will stop the IV medicine and begin oral
medicine treatment after your child is stabilized and feeling better.
To prevent kidney damage
that can result from recurrent infection, the doctor may prescribe long-term
treatment with antibiotics for children who are at risk for repeat
infections. The doctor may consider preventive antibiotics:
While waiting for the results of tests done
after treatment for a child's first UTI.
If tests show a structural problem in the urinary
tract, such as
vesicoureteral reflux, that increases the child's risk
for recurrent UTIs.
For children who have frequent UTIs, with or
without an abnormality of the urinary tract.
Preventive treatment may last from several months to
several years. Experts disagree about the best approach. Some doctors believe
that long-term use of low-dose antibiotics can safely prevent UTIs in
children, especially in children who have vesicoureteral reflux. Whether long-term antibiotics prevent kidney damage needs more study. Some doctors are more hesitant about prescribing antibiotics for
long-term use because of increasing concern about the growth of
Antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria that cause
What to think about
Give your child the antibiotics
as directed. Do not stop using them just because your child feels better. Your
child needs to take the full course of medicine. Your child may begin to feel
better soon after starting the medicine. But if you stop giving your child the
medicine too soon, the infection may return or get worse. Also, not taking the
full course of medicine encourages the development of bacteria that are
resistant to antibiotics. This makes antibiotics less effective and future
bacterial infections harder to treat.