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    Immunizations - Adult Immunizations

    Who should get it?

    • Females 13 to 26 years old need either Cervarix or Gardasil if they did not get the shot when they were younger. Three doses are given over 6 months.
    • Males 13 to 21 years old need Gardasil if they did not get the shot when they were younger. Three doses are given over 6 months.
    • Males 22 to 26 years old who have a weak immune system or who have sex with men need Gardasil if they did not get the shot when they were younger. Three doses are given over 6 months.

    If you already have HPV infection, talk with your doctor about whether to get immunized. The shot has not been shown to help existing HPV infection, but it may protect you from other HPV infections.

    Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR)(What is a PDF document?)

    This is important if you never got this shot or never had these diseases.

    This shot protects against measles, mumps, and rubella.

    Who should get it?

    • Adults born during or after 1957 may need one or two doses if they do not have evidence of immunity.

    Women should avoid becoming pregnant for 28 days after getting the MMR shot. Women who are known or suspected to be pregnant and people who have impaired immune systems should not get this shot.

    Meningococcal (conjugate or polysaccharide, depending on your age)(What is a PDF document?)

    This shot protects against a bacteria that causes meningitis and blood infections (sepsis).

    Who should get it?

    • Adults who have a damaged or missing spleen or who have certain immune system problems need two initial doses and then a booster dose every 5 years.
    • Adults who have a higher risk than others for getting and having severe problems from meningitis need one shot. This includes adults who will travel or live in areas of the world where the disease is common.

    For adults up to age 55, the meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV) is usually given. Adults older than age 55 are immunized with the meningococcal polysaccharide (MPSV4) vaccine, called Menomune. Some people may need booster shots.

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