The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children be immunized with the varicella zoster vaccine to prevent chicken pox usually after the age of 1. A second dose, typically given at about age 4 or 5, is needed for complete protection.
The vaccine is also a protection to vulnerable people, such as non-immune women who plan to become pregnant. Some, such as those who are already pregnant, are not eligible to receive the chickenpox vaccine. Consult your doctor for advice.
A similar vaccine...
Certain diseases have been identified that pose the greatest threat to
the U.S. public. At this time, there is a supply of anthrax and smallpox
vaccines only. These
immunizations are not currently available to or
recommended for the general public. But the government has advised immunization
for people at high risk of exposure to anthrax or smallpox, such as health care
workers specifically designated to respond to a bioterrorism emergency. Some of
these recommendations are listed below.
This shot is for people at high risk of exposure, such as
certain lab workers, people who work with imported animals where preventive
standards are lacking (such as veterinarians who travel to work in other
countries), and certain military members.
Five shots are given over 18 months. And booster shots
are needed every year for continued protection (immunity).
This shot is for certain health care and public health workers,
infection-control specialists, and certain military members.
This shot is given once as several quick punctures on
the upper arm, using a special prong device. Immunity after a first-time
immunization is likely to be 3 to 5 years. If you have been immunized in the
past, successful revaccination may extend your immunity.
United States has enough smallpox vaccine to vaccinate Americans in an
More information about these
immunization recommendations can be found on the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC) website at www.bt.cdc.gov/bioterrorism. For general
information about bioterrorism issues, see the topic
Terrorism and Other Public Health Threats.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
April 01, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this