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Immunizations - Childhood Immunizations

Who should get it?

  • All children need three or four doses, starting at 2 months of age and ending by 15 months of age.
  • Children who are older than 5 years and have certain health conditions may also need this shot.

Hepatitis A (Hep A)(What is a PDF document?)

This shot protects against hepatitis A disease.

Who should get it?

  • All children starting at 1 year of age need two doses, given at least 6 months apart.
  • Anyone who will be in close contact with an adopted child from a country that has high rates of hepatitis A needs two doses. This includes household contacts and babysitters. This recommendation only applies for the first 60 days the child is in the United States.6

Hepatitis B (Hep B)(What is a PDF document?)

This shot protects against hepatitis B disease.

Who should get it?

  • All children need at least three doses. The first dose is given right after birth, before the child leaves the hospital. The remaining doses are given by 6 to 18 months of age.

Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR)(What is a PDF document?)

This shot protects against measles, mumps, and rubella.

Who should get it?

  • Two doses are given to all children—one at age 12 to 15 months and one at age 4 to 6 years.

There is a measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella (MMRV, or ProQuad) shot that also protects against chickenpox (varicella). Talk to your child's doctor about the pros and cons of the MMRV shot(What is a PDF document?). It can be given to children ages 12 months to 12 years.

Pneumococcal infections(What is a PDF document?)

This shot (called PCV13, or Prevnar13) protects against a bacteria that causes meningitis, blood infections (sepsis), and ear infections.

Who should get it?

  • All children need four doses—one at age 2 months, one at 4 months, one at 6 months, and one at 12 to 15 months.

Polio(What is a PDF document?)

This shot protects against polio.

Who should get it?

  • Four doses are given to all children—one at age 2 months, one at 4 months, one at 6 to 18 months, and one at 4 to 6 years.

Rotavirus (Rotarix or RotaTeq)(What is a PDF document?)

This immunization protects against rotavirus infection, which causes severe diarrhea.

Who should get it?

  • Three doses of RotaTeq are given to all children—one at age 2 months, one at 4 months, and one at 6 months. If your child gets Rotarix, two doses are given—one at age 2 months and one at 4 months.

This immunization is swallowed rather than given as a shot. Without this vaccine, most children will get infected by the time they are about 5 years old.

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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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