immunizations are given as shots (injections). Your
child may experience brief pain as the needle penetrates the skin or muscle.
Some vaccines cause more discomfort than others. In general, you can help
decrease your child's discomfort by making sure that
he or she is physically comfortable and well rested before getting immunized.
You can use home treatment measures to help relieve some of the common minor
reactions to immunizations.
Relieve mild reactions to immunizations
help relieve some of the common, temporary, mild reactions to immunizations
with basic home care.
Swelling or redness. The area around the injection site may become red and
swollen. Apply a wrapped ice pack or cool compress to the area for about 10 to
20 minutes. If this does not reduce the symptoms, acetaminophen or ibuprofen may help relieve the discomfort. Follow the package instructions carefully.
Fretfulness and poor appetite. For a few hours after getting immunized, a baby may be fretful
and drowsy and may refuse to eat. Plan quiet activities at home for the evening
after your child receives an immunization. Hold and cuddle your child when
needed. Keep your home at a comfortable temperature, because your child is more
likely to be fretful if he or she gets too warm.
Skin rash. A mild skin rash may arise 7 to 14 days after your child gets
the chickenpox or measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) shot. These types of rashes
can last several days and go away without treatment.
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this