Vaccine Information Statements - Immunization Schedules
In the United States, the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other national
organizations advise people about which immunizations they should get and when.
Immunization schedules are for healthy children,
teens, and adults as well as for people who have health problems and other
circumstances, including pregnancy,
diabetes. To see or print a list of recommended immunizations based on
your age, past immunization history, and other factors, see the CDC immunization schedules at www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html.
Children and teens in the United States usually need proof that all their
immunizations are up-to-date before they can start
school or day care. Also, students of any age entering college usually need to
have a written record showing that their immunizations are up-to-date.
Tetanus is a dangerous nerve ailment caused by the toxin of a common bacterium, Clostridium tetani. Bacterial spores are found in soil -- most frequently in cultivated soil, least frequently in virgin soil. The spores can remain infectious for more than 40 years in soil. They also exist in environments as diverse as animal excrement, house dust, and the human colon. If the spores enter a wound that penetrates the skin and extends deeper than oxygen can reach, they germinate and produce a toxin that...