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    West syndrome

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report West syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • infantile spasms
    • epileptic spasms

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • x linked infantile spasms

    General Discussion

    West syndrome is a type of epilepsy characterized by spasms, abnormal brain wave patterns called hypsarrhythmia and sometimes mental retardation. The spasms that occur may range from violent jackknife or "salaam" movements where the whole body bends in half, or they may be no more than a mild twitching of the shoulder or eye changes. These spasms usually begin in the early months after birth and can sometimes be helped with medication. They can also occur rarely in older patients; if this happens, they are called "epileptic spasms" rather than infantile spasms. There are many different causes of West syndrome and if a specific cause can be identified, a diagnosis of symptomatic West syndrome can be made. If a cause cannot be determined, a diagnosis of cryptogenic West syndrome is made.

    Resources

    Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance
    801 Roeder Road
    Suite 750
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    US
    Tel: 3015629890
    Fax: 3015629870
    Tel: 8002256872
    Email: info@tsalliance.org
    Internet: http://www.tsalliance.org

    Epilepsy Foundation
    8301 Professional Place
    Landover, MD 20785-7223
    Tel: (866)330-2718
    Fax: (877)687-4878
    Tel: (800)332-1000
    TDD: (800)332-2070
    Email: ContactUs@efa.org
    Internet: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org

    NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    P.O. Box 5801
    Bethesda, MD 20824
    Tel: (301)496-5751
    Fax: (301)402-2186
    Tel: (800)352-9424
    TDD: (301)468-5981
    Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    Intractable Childhood Epilepsy Alliance (ICE)
    PO Box 365
    250 Lewisville-Vienna Road
    Lewisville, NC 27023
    Tel: (336)918-9440
    Fax: (336)946-1197
    Internet: http://www.icepilepsy.org

    Child Neurology Foundation
    201 Chicago Ave, #200
    Minneapolis, MN 55415
    USA
    Tel: (952)641-6100
    Fax: (952)881-6276
    Tel: (877)263-5430
    Email: jstone@childneurologyfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.childneurologyfoundation.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 2/6/2012
    Copyright 1993, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2008, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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