Review Shows Statins Safe, Effective
Risks of Side Effects Very Low for Most Patients
June 6, 2007 -- The benefits of taking cholesterol-lowering statin drugs far outweigh the potential risks for the vast majority of patients with heart and vascular disease, a new review of the research suggests.
Longtime statin researcher Jane Armitage, MD, of the University of Oxford, found the incidence of serious side effects to be very rare in patients taking standard doses of the drugs, although the risks rose with higher doses.
She estimated the risk for myopathy (muscle symptoms such as pain or weakness) to be less than one in 10,000 for patients on standard doses of the drugs.
Her analysis is published in the latest online issue of The Lancet.
“These are very safe drugs, overall, and they are very effective for lowering stroke and heart attack risk,” she tells WebMD.
In just two decades, statins have become the world’s best-selling class of drug, with sales of Pfizer’s Lipitor alone approaching $13 billion last year. Other statins include Zocor, Mevacor, Pravachol, Lescol, and the newest statin, Crestor.
Another statin, sold as Baycol, was removed from the market in 2001 when its use was linked to an unacceptably high incidence of serious muscle damage.
Patients taking the statins on the market today are routinely warned that muscle pain or weakness can be a side effect of the drug, and Armitage says many erroneously attribute routine muscle issues to its use.
Muscle pain is one of the main reasons patients cite for abandoning statin therapy.
When Armitage reviewed studies comparing statin users with patients with similar characteristics who were not taking the drugs, she found no evidence of an increase in muscle pain and weakness in the former group.
"When you look at the objective evidence there is very little to suggest that muscle pain is a common problem with statins,” she says.
She adds that there is even less evidence linking standard doses of the cholesterol-lowering drugs now in use to a life-threatening liver disease caused by muscle breakdown.
Standard doses were considered those that typically reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or bad, cholesterol levels by 30% to 45% -- 10 milligrams to 20 milligrams daily for Lipitor, 40 milligrams to 80 milligrams for Lescol, 40 milligrams for Mevacor, 40 milligrams for Pravachol, 10 milligrams for Crestor, and 20 milligrams to 40 milligrams for Zocor.