High Triglycerides - Topic Overview
What are triglycerides?
Triglycerides are a type
of fat found in your blood. Your body uses them for energy.
need some triglycerides for good health. But high triglycerides might raise your
risk of heart disease and may be a sign of
Metabolic syndrome is
the combination of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, too much fat around
the waist, low HDL ("good") cholesterol, and high triglycerides. Metabolic
syndrome increases your risk for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
A blood test that measures your
cholesterol also measures your triglycerides. For a
general idea about your triglycerides level, compare your test results to the
- Normal is less than
- Borderline-high is 150 to
- High is 200 to 499.
- Very high is 500 or higher.
What causes high triglycerides?
triglycerides are usually caused by other conditions, such as:
- Poorly controlled
- An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism).
- Regularly eating more calories than you
- Drinking a lot of alcohol.
Certain medicines may also raise triglycerides. These
In a few cases, high triglycerides also can run in
What are the symptoms?
High triglycerides usually
don't cause symptoms.
But if your high triglycerides are caused by
a genetic condition, you may see fatty deposits under your skin. These are
called xanthomas (say "zan-THOH-muhs").
How can you lower your high triglycerides?
make diet and lifestyle changes to help lower your levels.
- Lose weight and stay at a healthy weight.
fats and sugars in your diet.
- Be more active.
- Limit alcohol.
You also may need medicine to help lower your
triglycerides. But your doctor likely will ask you to try diet and lifestyle
Frequently Asked Questions