Are people with HIV/AIDS at greater risk than other people of infection
with novel H1N1 flu?
At the present time, we have no information about the risk of the novel H1N1
flu in people with HIV/AIDS. In the past, people with HIV/AIDS have not
appeared to be at any greater risk than the general population for infection
with routine seasonal influenza. However, HIV-infected adults and adolescents,
and especially persons with low CD4 cell counts or AIDS, can experience more
severe complications of seasonal influenza. It is therefore possible that
HIV-infected adults and adolescents are also at higher risk for complications
from infection with the H1N1 flu virus.
This document updates previously posted information for parents about infant
feeding and novel H1N1 flu (swine flu). It now more clearly addresses
parents who are formula feeding as well as breastfeeding, suggests that parents
sick with novel H1N1 flu (swine flu) find someone who is not sick to feed the
baby, and provides more detailed strategies for breastfeeding mothers to
maintain breastfeeding throughout the course of infection. This document is
based on current knowledge of the novel...
HIV-infected persons should maintain a healthy lifestyle; eat right, get
enough sleep, and reduce stress as much as possible. Staying healthy
reduces your risk of getting infected by influenza and other infections.
Staying health also helps your immune system fight off a flu infection should
If you are currently taking antiretrovirals or antimicrobial prophylaxis
against opportunistic infections you should adhere to your prescribed treatment
and follow the advice of your health care provider in order to maximize the
health of your immune system.
What are the signs and symptoms of H1N1 influenza?
Signs and symptoms of infection with the novel H1N1 influenza are generally
the same as for seasonal influenza: fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy
nose, headache, body aches (muscle aches or joint pain), chills and fatigue.
Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with novel H1N1
What should people with HIV/AIDS do if they think they may have novel H1N1