What Adults with HIV Infection Should Know About the Novel H1N1 Flu (formerly called swine flu)
HIV-infected people should do the same things as they would do for routine
seasonal flu – contact your health care provider and follow his or her
instructions. He or she will determine if laboratory testing or treatment is
If you are sick, stay home and keep away from others as much as
possible. This is to keep from making others sick. If you have
novel H1N1 flu, you should
stay at home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get
medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the
use of a fever-reducing medicine.)
If you need to go to a doctor’s office, to an emergency room, or to any
other healthcare facility to be evaluated, cover your mouth and nose with a
facemask if a facemask is available and tolerable, or cover your mouth and nose
with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. Let the office staff know you
are there because you think you might have novel H1N1 flu.
For more information on what to do if you are sick see:
Is there a vaccine against this the H1N1 flu virus?
No. There is currently no vaccine for the novel H1N1 flu. The vaccine given
for seasonal flu does not protect against the novel H1N1 flu. If a vaccine
against novel H1N1 flu becomes available, CDC will make recommendations for
people with HIV/AIDS. Researchers are presently working to develop a
vaccination against novel H1N1 flu.
Is there treatment against novel H1N1 flu for people with HIV/AIDS?
Yes. The novel H1N1 flu virus is sensitive to two antiviral drugs: zanamivir
and oseltamivir. HIV-infected adults and adolescents who meet
current case-definitions for confirmed, probable or suspected infection
with novel H1N1 flu should receive antiviral treatment. Treatment is most
effective if started within 48 hours of symptom onset. Please check the
CDC website frequently for updates in
recommendations for antiviral treatment.