Kids' Cold Medicines: Guidelines
Should my child use kids' cold medicine?
The current recommendations from the FDA are:
- Do not use cold and cough medicines in children under age 4 unless advised by your doctor.
- Never give adult medicines to children. Only use medicines designed for children.
- Never use a cold or cough drug if your child takes other prescription or over-the-counter medicines, unless you’ve checked with the doctor first.
- Carefully follow the instructions for dosing on the box.
- Use the enclosed measuring spoon, dropper, or dosing cup.
- Take your child to the doctor if symptoms worsen or don’t improve within a few days.
Also, many experts say that parents should go further and stop using any kids’ cold medicine in children under age 6 unless their doctors recommend it.
In 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics called on the FDA to make such a recommendation. In addition, the AAP asked that OTC cold/cough medicine manufacturers to use weight-based rather than age-based dosing recommendations, saying weight is more accurate for determining the correct dose of a drug. The AAP also asked that dosing devices have a flow-limiting capacity to prevent against overdose.
What can I give my kids for a cold or cough?
Nothing cures a cold, but pediatricians say these strategies may help:
- Call the child's doctor right away if he is three months of age or younger at the first sign of an illness.
- Reduce the child's fever using appropriate medication (check with a doctor), such as acetaminophen (Tylenol). Do not use ibuprofen in children under age 6 months or if your child is vomiting or dehydrated. Do not use aspirinwith any child because of the risk of Reye's syndrome, a rare but serious disease.
- Consider using honey for coughs or sore throat for kids, but only if they are older than age 1.
- Try saline drops or spray to clear thick mucus out of your child's nose.
- Give your child plenty of liquids to increase hydration and help thin mucus.
- Use a humidifier in your child's room to add moisture to the dry air.
- If your child wheezes, call your doctor. Other treatments may be needed to help open airways.
- To ease congestion, keep the child's head elevated when resting.